4th International Psychological Trauma Symposium, Istanbul-Turkey, December 1-4, 2005
Ukrainian Psychiatric AssociationINTRODUCTION
Board Members of the Ukrainian Psychiatric Association:
- President - Victor Shumlianskiy, Director of the Zhitomir Regional Psychiatric Hospital #1, Head Psychiatrist of Zhitomir region (Zhitomir)
- Vice-President - Oleg Nasinnik, Assistant professor at the Psychiatry Department of Kyiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Training (Kyiv)
- Executive Secretary - Semyon Gluzman, (Kyiv)
- Head of the Auditing Commission - Yury Zakal, Deputy director of the Lviv Regional Psychiatric Hospital, Head Psychiatrist of Lviv region (Lviv)
- Head of the Ethics and Rights Commission - Valery Kuznetsov, Head at the Psychiatry Department at Kyiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Training (Kyiv)
- Head of the Mental Health Development Commission - Yury Yudin, Head of the Mental Health Section at the Public Health Central Administrative Board of the Kyiv City State Administration, (Kyiv)
- Head of the Education Commission - Irina Pinchuk, Chief psychiatrist of Ukrainian Health Care Ministry, (Donetsk)
- Head of the Science Commission - Liudmila Yurieva, Head of the Psychiatry and Narcology Chair at Postgraduate Training Department of Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy, (Dnipropetrovsk)
- Head of International Department - Tina Beradze, President of International Mental Health Center
- Head of the Regional Activities Commission - Tatyana Almashiy, Head Psychiatrist of Zakarpatsky region, director of Regional Psychiatric Hospital (Beregovo, Zakarpatsky region)
UPA was one of the first NGOs in the area of former USSR in the period of Gorbachev. The group of democracy-oriented psychiatrists with the support of democracy-oriented politicians founded it. UPA has been established in order to promote legal and other advocacy for the human and civil rights of people with mental health disability. The goal of UPA is to improve the quality of life for these individuals by advocating public policies that promote community integration, self-determination and support of individuals with mental disabilities and their families.
During the recent years, UPA became a doubtless leader among similar organizations in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It is an informal informational centre for psychiatrists, and nurses, psychologists, lawyers and politicians, who are working in the field of mental health and public health reforms.
UPA grounds its work on its co-operation with the regional branches. The Association works according to the principles of electing its ruling bodies the principles of openness, periodic accountability, collective management, and personal responsibility for the entrusted affair. The ruling bodies of UPA are the Meeting, the Coordinating Council, the Board and the Auditing Committee. During the period of its operation, the APU essentially extended its agencies all over Ukraine: at the present moment, there are 29 branches at the Association, which include more than 800 members.
UPA's extensive activity is aimed at breaking informational deprivation Ukrainian medical profession has been suffering from.
The objectives of UPA are as follows:
- to establish and to develop professional, informational and other ties between statutory, public and other agencies and organizations (including foreign and international ones);
- to promote the development of modern approaches in professional training;
- to develop research programs, aimed at studying mental health and mental disorders and to promote introducing modern progressive methods of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation of patients;
- to work out the programs and plans (jointly with statutory organizations or independently) aimed at development of specialized services for population, to participate in creating legislative documents;
- to support organizations and individuals engaged in the sphere of psychiatric and psychological services and to provide professional and ethical evaluation of these activities.
- to help psychiatric patients and former victims of totalitarian psychiatry
- to support priority of the humanist and humanitarian values of the native psychiatric science and practice.
The main sectors of daily activity:
- Monitoring Political Abuse of Psychiatry & Advocacy Activities (The specialized Expert Committee of UPA, created in 1990, provides social and legal support to Ukrainians having human rights claims to governmental structures. People seeking protection of their rights apply to the Committee. The Committee's team, consisting of psychiatrists, forensic psychiatrist, lawyer, a social worker and a forensic psychologist, notes a growing number of cases of psychiatric abuse and violation of existing laws in Ukraine. It provides the assistance on the daily basis to all those who appealed the commission. Daily people appeal the commission with the request to protect their rights. The experts who are working for the commission, indicate the growth of the number of cases of human rights violations and psychiatry abuse in the country. The experts working in the Committee are advocating the interests of people with mental disorders in the courts and providing juridical and social assistance to them. As well as in the previous years they registered the increase of the number of cases of human rights and psychiatry abuses. This fact confirms that the adequate governmental assistance is absent in the country. In 2000 the number of such appeals reached 833 registered cases. In 2001 there were 1035 appeals; in 2002 - 1203. Within last years UPA actually plays a role of social service, independent expert groups and carries out regular monitoring of human rights abuse in the field of psychiatry. )
- Analytical activity (conducting sociological researches ("Monitoring of patients' rights observance in the sphere of psychiatry", "Public opinion concerning mental health and illness), economical studies ("Providing basic economic rationale for developing actions on reorganization of the psychiatric assistance infrastructure"), epidemiological studies ("School and Neuropsychological Performance of Evacuated Children in Kyiv - 11 Years after the Chernobyl Disaster", "Alcoholism and Mental Illness in Ukraine"). These and other similar researches and studies UPA conducted are aimed at providing basis for reforming the system of rendering psychiatric aid in Ukraine.
- Publications (For many years the UPA is filling the informational gap by translating, printing and spreading up-to-date Western literature on psychiatry. Besides the books, the following journals are being published: "VESTNIK of UPA", "Modern Psychiatry Review", "UPA Bulletin". They are circulated for free to all psychiatrists of Ukraine and all post Soviet countries, mental health users, their relatives and all regional Ukrainian libraries. From 1993 UPA continues to provide services for the library and the reading room. Besides, the UPA supported and contributed in starting and issuing the other journals, i.e.: "Social-Psychological and Medical Aspects of Violence", "Social Policy and Social Work", "Archives of GPU, NKVD and KGB". )
- Historical activity (studying the history of psychiatry - before the revolution period and the soviet period: professionals are analyzing the documents remained after the USSR collapse in the archives of KGB, collecting the information from the citizens of Ukraine, who were on compulsory treatment in psychiatric hospitals of the USSR because of their religious and political activity.v
- Professional Development (organizing regular conferences for professionals, users, and relatives; training seminars)
- Cooperation with mass media, public and governmental officials (round-table discussions, press conferences, etc. that are aimed at preventing abuse of human rights of psychiatric patients and their families.) As the result of work with the journalists, the earlier forbidden issue of psychiatry has become open and appeared in lots of newspapers and journals, TV and radio programs. The staff of the UPA regularly participates in TV and radio programmes. Their names are met on newspaper pages. In this way they lobby the public opinion of the country.
- Building a fundament for a human mental health care in Ukraine (LIEN)
- Training programmes for psychiatric nurses are developed on a regular basis in Kiev with participation of Bulgarian trainers. The project is financed by the Foreign Office of the Netherlands (MATRA and Bilance).
- The project in the field of children psychiatry was started in collaboration with Dorothea Hollman (Great Britain).The Project is aimed at developing training programmes for children psychiatrists to introduce modern methods of rehabilitation of children with psychiatric disorders and learning difficulties.
- Creation of the automated professional library database (Soros Foundation)
- The Program to research psychological and medical impact of Chernobyl accident on children (State University of New York at Stony Brook)
- Legal support to victims of abuse in the sphere of psychiatry (Soros Foundation)
- The Resource Center for the Psychiatric Clients (The Royal Netherlends Embassy/MATRA Program)
- Monitoring of patients' rights observance in the sphere of psychiatry (Helsinki Human Rights Foundation)
- Collection of prose and poetry by the psychiatric users (World Bank)
- Developing Extra Mural Care in Ukraine (Tacis programme)
- Developing Mental Health Care services (Tacis programme)
- Epidemiological project "Alcoholism and Mental Illness in Ukraine"(State University of New York at Stony Brook)